ADVANCED MATERIAL CENTER FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY (PM2ET)
Indonesia has abundant local natural resources. However, the utilization and processing of these natural resources is still not optimal. Most of these natural resources are still exported in the form of raw materials or managed by foreign companies, so that the economic value received by the Indonesian people is still low. One of the efforts the government has made is the enactment of Law no. 4 of 2009 concerning Minerals and Coal which began in 2014, which emphasizes the ban on raw mineral exports, and the mining industry must immediately build a mineral processing industry. To increase the economic value of these natural resources, it requires engineering skills through research and development in both academic and industrial environments, one of which is in the form of advanced materials.
Advanced materials are new materials and / or existing modifications to obtain superior results and have one or more distinctive properties for various applications such as agriculture, health, defense, transportation, energy and so on. the development of advanced materials has had a significant impact both from an economic and technological perspective. Currently, various types of advanced materials have been developed and marketed on a national and international scale. Several types of advanced materials have begun to enter Indonesia, both as industrial raw materials and products. This is because Indonesia is a large and potential market share for the international community. Therefore, efforts are needed to increase the capacity to manufacture advanced materials in the industrialized world by utilizing basic materials from local natural resources so that the Indonesian people can act as producers that can compete globally.
The development of advanced materials in the renewable energy sector has become one of the focuses of development in various countries. This is because the energy problem is a global and national problem that must be solved systematically. The use of renewable energy is one of the more environmentally friendly solutions to replace energy sources from fossil fuels. The use of advanced materials as materials for renewable energy sources has positive values and impacts both economically, environmentally and also industrially. Therefore, UM established the Center for Advanced Materials for Renewable Energy (PM2ET) which is under the research and development institute for the community (LP2M). The establishment of PM2ET is expected to become one of the UM's Higher Education Science and Technology Excellence Centers (PUI-PT) that is nationally recognized. This center is a combination of various groups of expertise (KBK) in several faculties at UM that have similar topics. is one way to strengthen industry-oriented research and development as well as strengthen scientific material in tertiary institutions.
A brief History
Research in the field of advanced materials and renewable energy has long been carried out at UM in various departments, especially the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences and Engineering. In 2010 UM established a central laboratory for minerals and advanced materials with a variety of fairly sophisticated and modern equipment such as X-ray diffraction, (XRD), SEM-EDX, FTIR, DTA / TGA, GC-MS, XRF, Potentiostat, AAS, UV -Vis and other advanced tools. With the support of adequate facilities, the material sector has become one of the fields that make a significant contribution both in scientific work and intellectual property rights (IPR) and various material CBCs have been formed in various departments, especially MIPA and Engineering faculties. In 2017, UM received a PUI pilot grant from Ristekdikti for advanced material fields. In 2018, based on the Rector's Decree 2.7.143 / UN32 / KP / 2018 a team was formed to implement a center of excellence in science and technology for advanced material innovation for renewable energy. In 2010 the Center for Advanced Materials for Renewable Energy (PM2ET) became one of the centers in LP2M UM.
PM2ET organizational structure
Main Duties and Objectives
The main task of PM2ET is to carry out research and community service activities and services in the fields of advanced materials and renewable energy. Currently, PM2ET focuses on research and community service in the field solar cell, biomass, storage materials, and smart grid. The selection of the focus of this research was based on human resources and the prospect of future renewable energy oriented green energy.
The objectives of PM2ET are as follows:
- Improve the quality and quantity of reputable scientific publications
- Increasing the quality and quantity of community service in the fields of material, want and renewable energy
- To improve the quality and quantity of research and community service products that have intellectual property rights (IPR) and can be commercialized.
- Increase research collaboration and community service with institutions, domestic and foreign DU / DI
- Producing training services and human resource development in the field of advanced materials for renewable energy,
- Producing services that meet industrial needs and
The formation of PM2ET is expected to become one of the Center for Excellence in Higher Education Science and Technology (PUI-PT) on a national and international scale by involving research groups from inside and outside the UM. PM2ET's main objective in the next 10 years is the development of four pillars of research in the field solar cell, biomass, device energy storage (storage material), and smart grid to realize energy-independent smart buildings (self powered smart building). Detailed information about the development of PM2ET research is contained in roadmap as shown in Figure 1.2.
In the development of field research solar cell focused on development solar cell type 2 and type 3, hinvesting energy devices, and development tandem solar cell. This research is based on research that has been conducted and published previously by the PM2ET research team. Some of the research that has been done includes: DSSC solar cell, Perovskite and CIGS. Harvesting energy device including development photoelectrochemical, and nanogenerator.
The development of renewable energy based on biomass is directed to develop a catalyst or biocat- browator, bioreactors, as well as exploration of local materials and waste materials to produce renewable energy sources.
Roadmap PM2ET development in 10 years
This research is a development of the results of previous research in the field of bioethanol, biofuels, biocatalysts, membranes and biomass. One example is the development of a nickel-based catalyst which produces 1,5-tanadiol from fructose derivatives and is published in a reputable international journal.
Research on materials for energy storage has also been carried out by the PM2ET research team. Some of these include the development of suspercapacitor, a battery-based material Prussian Blue like, magnetic and ferroelectric materials. These results form the basis for development in the field of storage materials, which consists of the development of supercapacitors, battery materials and exploration of advanced materials based on local materials.
The products of the three development researches above can be compiled with technology smart-grid to produce self-powerd smart building which is the goal of PM2ET. Research in the field smart grid composed smart converter, net metering, and energy management, distributed generation as well electric vehicles and chargingstation. This field is based on the success of previous PUI-PT Camry researchers, namely MPPT Converter, smart inverter, stand-alond PV, and small scale wind generator. As an example MPPT Converter designed and developed with the QHBM algorithm in the case of lighting solar cell and water pumps in several MU partner areas.
The four pillars of this research are realized by the formation of research groups (research group) which consists of lecturers, researchers and students will participate in research groups using facilities located in various faculties at UM, but they work collaboratively.
Guidelines for PM2ET research management with institutions from home and abroad
Each group of expertise is given the freedom to apply for research funds from both the government and the private sector. The research funds obtained are used to finance certain research projects involving PM2ET Camry members and research partners from within and / or abroad under the coordination of the PM2ET chairman. In general, the guidelines for the management of PM2ET research funds are shown in Figure 1.3.